Custom GeoJSON maps
This article contains information on creating maps from data in common mapping formats, as well as modifying the Highcharts Maps Map Collection. For information on drawing your own maps and creating maps from SVG, see our article on creating custom maps.
We see that many users have map data in ESRI Shapefile format or other common mapping formats. These can easily be converted for use with Highcharts Maps using an editor with GeoJSON exporting capabilities, as Highcharts Maps supports the GeoJSON format natively. Most full-featured GIS editors will be able to perform this conversion. QGIS is a free alternative that supports both Shapefile, KML, and a number of other formats. See this demo for an example of how to load polygonal data from a GeoJSON file, and this demo for a more complex example with line and point data.
Please note that different coordinate systems are used in the Map Collection's TopoJSON, GeoJSON and SVG files, mainly for optimization reasons.
- TopoJSON files, available since Map Collection v1.1.4, are not projected, meaning coordinates are given as
[longitude, latitude]. This relies on projection being done in Highcharts, which is more intuitive and allows easier navigation, re-projection, addition of points and lines etc.
- GeoJSON files in the Map Collection date back to when projection was not supported natively in Highcharts. The coordinates are pre-projected with the projection given in the
crsproperty, in addition to some compression defined in
hc-transform. In order to deal with longitude and latitude on the client side, the
proj4.jslibrary must be used. Since v9.3, Highcharts has built-in support for projection, so custom GeoJSON maps may dropp pre-projection.
- SVG files don't deal with geographic information at all. In general, these are only recommended for simple choropleth maps.
Creating maps for Highcharts Maps
We will now go through the process of importing a Shapefile in QGIS and converting it for use with Highcharts Maps. The process is the same when editing the GeoJSON files from our map collection. Note that there are many ways of accomplishing this with QGIS, and that details might vary depending on program version and platform. If you have issues using QGIS, check out their extensive documentation.
- Once QGIS is installed, the first step is to import your data. To do this, select the "Add Vector Layer" option from the Layer menu. For demonstration purposes, we will use a dataset with USA Zip Code Tabulation Areas available from the US Census Bureau. Our goal is to create a map of the Alaskan Zip codes for use with Highcharts Maps.
- To extract Alaska from the dataset, choose the box-selection tool in the toolbar, and draw a rectangle around the area you want to select. Then, click "Save Selection as Vector File" in the Layer menu, and save the selected area to a new file.
- Now, start a new project and import the file you saved, following the same procedure as in step 1. The result should look something like this:
- While this looks okay, we would like to modify the data before exporting it. To get access to the more advanced features of QGIS, open the Processing Toolbox (View->Panels->Toolbox).
- We want to reproject our data to a projection more suitable for Alaska. To do this, open the "Reproject layer" tool in the Toolbox, found under Geoalgorithms->Vector->General tools. As target CRS (Coordinate Reference System), select "NAD27 / Alaska zone 2", EPSG code 26732. Save the result to a temporary file, and make sure to tick the "Open output file after running algorithm" box. After running the tool, you should get a new layer, somewhere out of view. To zoom in on the new layer, right click it in the table of contents, and select "Zoom to Layer Extent". If the process failed somehow, you might need to tweak your projection settings. Refer to the QGIS documentation for details.
- Now, we would like to simplify the geometry. The less detail we include in our map, the faster Highcharts Maps will work, and the faster your page will load. QGIS has several tools for this, but the simplest can be found in the Vector menu, under Geometry Tools. Set a tolerance of around 1000, and select a new file to save the result to. Also tick the "Add result to canvas" box. Once the process has finished, you should have a new layer with the simplified geometry.
- Before exporting, we might want to inspect and modify the properties of our map. To do this, right click the layer in the table of contents and select "Open Attribute Table". These attributes will be included in the GeoJSON when we export our map. Highcharts Maps was designed to be used with user defined maps, and is very flexible in the way that it handles map data. There are therefore no special requirements for metadata in the maps.
- When you are satisfied with your map, you need to export it to GeoJSON format in order to use it with Highcharts Maps. To export your map, right click the layer you want to export in the table of contents, and select "Save As". Make sure to select to save in GeoJSON format. The resulting file can be used directly with Highcharts Maps. You will notice that QGIS by default includes a large amount of decimals in the GeoJSON coordinates. These can be stripped using a Regex or similar, for optimization. Try using this jsFiddle tool on the resulting file contents.
- To quickly test your map, paste your GeoJSON into this boilerplate jsFiddle. The result should look something like this:
You now have your map ready for use with Highcharts Maps.